Hi-tech Work(2020)’s technologically advanced and timely modification of Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy is a consequence of the evolving and diverse areas of instruction influenced by the rapid change in times.
This modern taxonomy aims to improve the order-thinking capabilities that every student must acquire. With the rapid growth of new media and technology that are influencing the pedagogy process, new developments are being made which allow educators’ new perspectives to develop.
These changes have enabled the combination of technology and media in pedagogy to create common goals that ensure the success of knowledge acquisition. Due to these two elements their interconnectedness, the resultant development is a result of media growth and both are used as teaching tools. This is a good thing traditional education is becoming obsolete with 21st century techniques and methods in classrooms both formal and non-formal in a way of promoting the need for advocacy among educators across the globe.
Benjamin S. Bloom’s (1956) Taxonomy of Cognitive Domain that categorizes the order of thinking abilities from lower order thinking abilities (LOTS) up to high order thinking abilities (HOTS) was previously updated to reflect the current learning environment of students.
The order used to be understanding, comprehension, knowledge analysis, synthesis and evaluation. The 1990’s saw L. Anderson, D. Krathwohl, P. Airasian, K. Cruikshank, R. Mayer, P. Pintrich, J. Raths and M. Wittrock conducted a study on its viability as well as came up with changes to the original order of thinking abilities.
The pioneering and shifty moves were released in 2001, revealing the cognitive domain taxonomy to be a set of verbs rather than the nouns which were first used. The words such as remembering, understanding, applying and evaluating, as well as creating, have substituted the terminologies used in the high-order thinking abilities. Furthermore, the taxonomy of the future is based on evaluating, replacing synthesis in the old taxonomy and includes creating as the most advanced of thinking abilities.
The 21st century is undergoing technological advancements and the publication of mass media formats, Churches further reviewed the Bloom’s Taxonomy and developed subcategories of digital abilities which define Digital Taxonomy in order to integrate the use of technologies and media in the process of facilitating 21st century guidelines for outcomes-based learning (OBE).
To reflect these changes of the present to reflect these modern changes, to reflect these changes, the Digital Taxonomy as a contemporary taxonomy that focuses on the cognitive domain began to focus on the place of learning in an environment that uses technology to enhance the effectiveness of learning and teaching processes.
In this, Churches reformed the LOTS and HOTS by incorporating digital verbs to the known verbs and adding them to Bloom’s taxonomy in the creation of subcategories that are found in every ascending order of thinking abilities.
Therefore, the thinking abilities are a combination of well-known and digital verbs that are used in the building of the structure. A handful of the examples of these thinking Digital skills can be found in each classification of the new order thinking skills , along with digital tasks to illustrate the foundation concepts of Digital Taxonomy.
First, remembering refers to the use of a person’s memory to make meanings, identify facts, write down as well as state or locate resources or sources. This includes Google marking bookmarks, bullet-pointing, labeling or listing, linking, naming and more. To explain this using digital activities student uses Google YouTube to search for a video on the solar system.
He also bookmarks the URL to keep the source of the learning materials, and when he requires this video in the future, he search to gain access to the website. He develops his thinking abilities by performing these technologically related tasks. Second, Understanding refers to the interpretation of meanings derived from various kinds of usages.
These meanings can be expressed in written form or as diagrams. Tweeting, subscribing, tagging and sharing, commenting, discussion, comparing and expressing, and explaining , and numerous other. For instance an example, one tags a photo from an Internet source to which he might have subscribed to or accessed to be displayed in his Facebook.
The user comments to share his thoughts to his friends to take note of. He can also share what is tagged by him. Methods like signing up to an online journal, subscribing on a job advertisements, signing up to receive emails, and utilizing messenger are all examples in digital knowledge. Furthermore, applying is using knowledge through reproductions, recreations or performances among others.
Editing uploading, painting, interviewing selecting and assembling dramatic, changing, or transforming like uploading resumes to an email or on a website to submit an application for a job. A researcher might want to submit his research paper to an international journal for additional editing before being accepted as a manuscript for publication. Editing a script prior to submission, painting pictures using paint using Paint application, reducing the length of the length of a film by editing it or adding captions to posters, films and pictures.
Additionally, analyzing is equivalent to dividing the material into smaller components to better understand the relationship of these components to one another. Advertising is the process of evaluating and categorizing, dissecting, formulating, deducing, clarifying the distinctions and outlining.
For example, when the researcher has gathered his Bibliographic sources, they classify every source according to the subject matter, or types of sources. Students may have seen films and, by organizing the components of the films and creating an outline in order to write an essay on a film or student may watch a film version of Tales of Two Cities by Charles Dickens and breaks the story into a sequence of events. Through the use of the timeline, it is possible to connect the key dates and the events that compose the entire tale.
The historical events mentioned could be further studied on the Internet using interwoven thinking abilities in addition to simply analysing. Moreover, Evaluating denotes assessment/measurement based from accepted formulated principles. Revising and evaluating, concluding, convincing, judging, evaluating justification, validating and evaluating. For example an example, a student will revise the research papers’ documents after discovering some mistakes within the entries in bibliographies. To correct the issue it is necessary to follow the rules of preserving sources from the American Psychological Association (APA).
Students studying mass communication created music videos. After watching the project in the beginning, students observed that the voices of the performers are not synchronized with their actions on screen. They also discovered that there were distortions to the musical score. The group re-evaluated what they initially created. The final step is the joining of all the relevant components to form the entire or production.
It involves blogging, building animation, creating inventing, designing, integrating and creating. For example an example, a student adds an instrumental background for an animated short film along with subtitles to make sure that the audience can comprehend. When he begins and ends of the video one creates the opening and closing credits by incorporating animations with a variety of movements.
In addition to a short film There are many digital projects that you can make, for instance, a voice-over for school videos, blogging interesting content on sites, creating cartoon animations, PowerPoint presentation with the combination of text, video effects, and transitions and extracting scenes from long films and remixing two together , and so on.